8550196 I think it was a decision that should have been made years earlier, and it was a major stepping stone in eliminating segregation.
8550196 Brown vs. The Board of Education
8550196 The Supreme Court case that declared segregation in schools unconstitutional.
8550196 Linda Brown had to travel a mile every day to get to her non-white school, even though she lived near a white school.
8550196 The Browns attempted to enroll Linda at the white school, but were turned away.
8550196 As were several other black families.
8550196 A group of 13 parents, including Linda's dad: Oliver Brown, sued the Topeka school board on behalf of their 20 children in federal district court.
8550196 They argued that segregation deprived them of equal protection of the laws under the Fourteenth Amendment.
8550196 A panel of 3 district court judges ruled for the school district, finding that the facilities for black students were largely equal to those of white students.
8550196 The court cited the 1896 Supreme Court precedent Plessy v. Ferguson, which validated "separate but equal", but acknowledged the "detrimental effect" segregation had on non-white children.
8550196 Brown appealed directly to the U.S Supreme Court, which granted certiorari and combined Brown's case with four other cases from:
8550196 South Carolina,
8550196 and the District of Columbia,
8550196 to determine whether state-sponsored racial segregation in public schools could continue.
8550196 The parents offered sociological data as proof that segregated schools resulted in black children feeling inferior to their white peers.
8550196 The court reasoned that even assuming equality between the schools, the separation itself was a violation of the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.
8550196 Chief Justice Warren, writing for a unanimous Court, said:
8550196 "We conclude that, in the field of public education, the doctrine of 'separate but equal' has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal."
8550196 This was a landmark case, because previous segregation cases had focused on the lack of equality between the separate black and white facilities.
8550196 This court ruling proved that there is no such thing as "separate AND equal" - separation alone creates unacceptable inequality.