8398542 The Judges- The very faded people didn't vote. The partially faded person was the dissenting vote.
8398542 The prayer- "Almighty God, we acknowledge our dependence upon Thee, and we beg Thy blessings upon us, our parents, our teachers, and our country.”
8398542 My opinion- I believe that the court made the right decision in their ruling because certain prayers may go against somebody's religion.
8398542 Lasting Importance- Today, we don't have prayers in public schools. Unless you go to a specific religious school. This is because of this case!
8398542 Courts Decision- June 25,1962, the court ruled 6-1 in favor of Engel. They claimed that the prayer violated the 1st amendment & should no longer take place. Hugo L. Black wrote the majority decision.
8398542 What did it violate? This case dealt with the first amendment in the U.S. Constitution. More specifically, the "establishment clause".
8398542 Effect of the case- This case did not change the interpretation of the Constitution. It further limited and organized prayers in school.
8398542 Lower Courts- The case was taken from the New Yorks district, appeals, and supreme court to the U.S. Supreme court.
8398542 Appellant- Engels family believed it was unconstituional.
8398542 Respondent- Vitale claimed it wasn't unconstitutional because it was a voluntary prayer.
8398542 Facts of the case- A parent named Steven Engel who sued the school board president, William Vitale, over prayers in school. This New York school board decided to have voluntary prayer each morning.
8398542 Engel v. Vitale Court Case