dariashishkina GIDEON V. WAINWRIGHT
by Daria Shishkina
dariashishkina Clarence Earl Gideon
dariashishkina THANK YOU FOR WATCHING!
dariashishkina I agree with the court’s decision because it gave people equal protection under the law and created a better and fair trial for all people
dariashishkina The lasting effect of that case is that now, all people who cannot afford or get an attorney, can be appointed one, so that their rights are protected and the trial is fair!
dariashishkina It added a right to appoint lawyers to all people who cannot afford them on their own to the Sixth Amendment to make the trial fair and protect the rights of the people under the Fourteenth Amendment
dariashishkina LASTING IMPORTANCE & PERSONAL OPINION
dariashishkina THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE CASE
dariashishkina The case was related to different parts of the Constitution, such as Fourteenth Amendment and Supremacy Clause, but mainly it dealt with the SIXTH AMENDMENT (in The Bill of Rights)
dariashishkina The case changed the interpretation of the Constitution because it made an addition to the Sixth Amendment
dariashishkina U.S. Supreme Court
dariashishkina Judges decided that since the federal law of the Constitution is supreme to the state law, all people accused of a crime should be provided with a lawyer by all states
dariashishkina The decision was made on March 18, 1963 and all the judges voted unanimously (9-0). It was wrote by Hugo L. Black
dariashishkina The case went from Circuit Court of the Fourteenth Judicial Circuit of Florida to Supreme Court of the State of Florida and then got to the Supreme Court of the United States!
dariashishkina THE COURT'S DECISION
dariashishkina The U.S. Supreme Court decided that appointing a lawyer is a right thing to do to protect equal rights given by the Fourteenth Amendment, so Gideon won the case!
dariashishkina FACTS ABOUT THE CASE
dariashishkina He was sentenced five years in state prison, where he wrote a petition arguing that the trial was unfair because he did not get a lawyer, so his equal rights were denied
dariashishkina Gideon's Petition
dariashishkina On the other hand, the state of Florida did not want to provide Gideon with a lawyer, arguing that Florida’s state Constitution appionts attorneys only to indigent defendants in capital cases
dariashishkina In 1963, Clarence Earl Gideon broke and entered a poolroom to commit a misdemeanor and got charged for that by the state of Florida