dsepe14 Indian Rebellion of 1857
dsepe14 Nationalism: The premise that the individual's loyalty and devotion to the nation-state surpass other individual or group interests.
dsepe14 The parliamentary acts of 1813 and 1833 ended the company's trade monopoly.
dsepe14 The East India Company ended due to the Indian Mutiny of 1857–58 in which the government presumed control.
dsepe14 Industrialization: a type of government that seeks to increase its size, either by forcing (through war) or influencing (through politics).
dsepe14 Before British even conquered India, India was very dominant in the industrial field and was called “the industrial workshop of the world” during the 17th and 18th centuries.
dsepe14 The East India Company first came to existence with the help of Queen Elizabeth I. In 1600, she would grant London merchants led by Thomas Smythe to trade with countries in the eastern hemisphere.
dsepe14 The company earned HUGE profits from trade with India and developed a private army consisting of British officers and Indian soldiers.
dsepe14 Company traded cotton, silk, indigo dye, salt, saltpetre, tea, and opium with Southeast Asia.
dsepe14 The forces of this army were led by Robert Clive in the 1750s. He was a brilliant general who defeated his French allies at the Battle of Plassey and the Nawab of Bengal.
dsepe14 During the 1760s, The East India Company had lots of influence over the continent and was further influenced by the British government allowing Britain to expand even more.
dsepe14 Arthur Wellesley was the 1st Duke of Wellington and an Anglo-Irish soldier who achieved significant victories against Indian states that would not submit to British rule.
dsepe14 In the 1700s, long before Britain’s control, India was unified by the powerful Mughal Empire who conquered much of South Asia and brought peace and prosperity to the land.
dsepe14 However, this changed in the 1750s, when the Mughal Empire was in decline. Local leaders became powerful, dependent of the Mughal court and there were many Hindu revolts.
dsepe14 India was now weak and had a fallen government allowing Britain to take control with the usage of well organized British troops and superior technology.
dsepe14 They used these elites to collect taxes and enforce law in areas.